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This article is from Open Magazine. The war he is referring to is the one that famously lasted for 18 days, the greatest of all wars. He switches on his laptop, clicks on Stellarium, a planetarium software that simulates the sky in 3D, feeds in some data, and soon we are staring at a configuration on the screen which looks like the night sky with stars glittering on it. This is the sky just before the Battle of Kurukshetra, according to Bhatnagar, an astronomer who has spent the years since his retirement- as additional director general from the Positional Astronomy Centre of the Indian Meteorological Department-extracting astronomical references from the Mahabharata. By tracing the winter solstice and the autumnal equinox indicated in the text, he has found a time bracket of 1, years. He then looked for eclipses within that period, and one by one, he says, it all fell into place.

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Most of the verses are FOR the yuga system in Lakhs of years human years. Hence I consider the theory of hundred years in yugas to be just a theory, or rather an interpretation of the original verses. If you go back to my post, please visit the link that I mentioned where they talk about exact verses from mahabharatha where they clearly show that yugas are indeed lakhs of years and not hundred of years. Its only recently that many interpretations claiming that the present date to be in dwapara yuga ; have sprung up.

Also stories of Ravana clearly show that yuga system is NOT in hundreds of years. Its awesome, I would recommend all to watch this movie, its just fantastic direction the way they have shown how good russian snipers were. In fact many claim that these snipers were the turning point of WWII, as they killed the german top brass in hundreds. Its a highly recommended one for anyone interested in WWII. Perhaps Guru can start of with some article on this :.

Thanks for replying. I think you misunderstood what I meant to say or rather I didnt put it in more clear words as to what I wanted to say.

thank for the

By looking at the software I said that moon starts in cancer at around 6. Till now everything is fine. The problem starts now atleast for me.

I appreciate your good feelings towards me as you directed me to the websites, but I very well know that moon doesnt change speeds in each zodiac sign. But I wanted to draw your attention to show you what the software showed me.

Following are the dates of few events from the Ramayana: Rama's Birth Date 4th December B.C Rama-Seeta Married 7th April B.C Rama Exiled 29th November B.C. Hanuman enters Lanka 1st September B.C Hanuman meets Seeta 2nd September B.C. Seetu (Bridge) built th Oct. B.C on the ocean The War begins 3rd November.

Its just against common beliefs that what this software shows. So, now coming back to the start of moon at 6. Your comment titled Why Ashoka is history but Lord Rama is a myth was remarkable and very informative. I am sure Gurudev would be delighted to have a person like you commenting in his blog. But even though I agree with some points you have mentioned, I beg to differ with the gist of the article as a whole. My view points are as follows Of course, these are subject to change in the light of valid counter arguments :.

I believe that the ancient Indians had more science and technology during their time than what we give them credit for. But why couldn? I think it was because ancient Indians had no difference or this difference was somehow lost between actual knowledge, religious ideas, fantasies and other beliefs what we call superstitions today.

Due to all this being in one pot, actual science could not move ahead and slowly fantasy over took science! Thanks to these stone hearted, adamant scientists of today, our science and science fiction are separated by a clear border.

We have strict procedures to accept something as the truth. This essentially keeps out crack-pot ideas from entering the domain of true knowledge. Everybody hates these academics for their uncompromising attitudes, but I think they are necessary for the well being for science. Now if history accepts that Lord Ram actually existed based on an epic poetry like Ramayana alone, science also has to accept that long ago, monkeys, bears, vultures, etc could talk consciously with humans and that these animals somehow followed a path of reverse evolution to be in their respective current states.

It has to be accepted also that some humans had 10 heads, hands, etc. If we argue that such points are only symbolic, then the document disqualifies as evidence. However history does not exclude all ancient literary works from being taken as evidence. The texts written by people like Herodotus, Chinese travelers, etc. This is because they are pure travelogues and does not have story telling or poetic elements in them.

On the other hand, all rock edicts and ancient writings are not considered as hard evidence. Sumerian epic hero Gilgamesh is not considered to be a historical figure, even when ancient tablets that mention his name have been unearthed, because of the poetic nature of the epic literary work where he is mentioned. Finding material evidences like rock edicts, tablets, pottery, etc. In the case of epics, we cannot prove beyond doubt about the possibilities of redactions by people who lived hundreds of years after the creation of the original epic.

So I think history is justified in not accepting epics as evidence.

Dating ramayana

Personally, I have no doubt that Lord Ram walked the earth with all his divine glory. But I don? I am also sure that one day, as science grows, some solid evidence will turn up substantiating Lord Ram? If there is no evidence that Lord Ram existed, there is no evidence also that Lord Ram didn? ASI has to offer solid proof that trillions of people for thousands of generations had believed in a fictional figure. They have to prove that Valmiki imagined a character called Lord Ram and that history cannot accommodate him.

By saying Lord Ram didn? PS: I hope I have not hurt the sentiments of anyone. Please don? I am just pointing out why science needs to be strict.

Please also feel free to correct me where I am wrong. King Ashoka, the third monarch in the earliest known Indian history is greatly adored by the historians. The British historian H. Although Buddhist literature had preserved the legend of this ruler as a cruel and ruthless emperor who converted to Buddhism to become a benevolent king, historians considered him only a part of the fable because no?

In the nineteenth century a large number of edicts were found in India, Nepal, Pakistan and Afghanistan, however, these edicts could not be deciphered for a long time. InJames Prinsep succeeded in deciphering an ancient inscription on a large stone pillar in Delhi.

Finally, it was not untilwhen one of the edicts actually mentioning the name Ashoka was discovered, that the identification was confirmed. Even today, many parts of the edicts are far from clear in meaning and the numerous translations of them differ widely. Going by the content of the edicts, let us see what is that special information which we know about Ashoka but is not known about Lord Ram? In fact, ask an average Indian on the street and he will tell you more details about Lord Rama?

If one happens to read Valmiki Ramayana, then the comprehensiveness of the description and richness of details can only leave him awestruck. History knows of only two ancestors of Ashoka but Valmiki lists 38 ancestors of Lord Ram. We know nothing about the ancestry of wife of Ashoka but find details of 22 ancestral kings of Janak, father of Sita, in Ramayana.

The geographical description of our subcontinent involving the names, location, position, size and extent of the cities, villages, rivers, mountains, deserts, forests is stunningly factual when read in Ramayana. Valmiki has provided minutest details of the culture, traditions and the customs of the society that existed in Lord Rama?

above understanding! apologise

Any inquisitive mind would like to know why such plethora of information is rubbished by the historians as trash while information of much inferior quality available in Ashoka? Answer is simple. And I am not making an emotional statement here. Can historians deny that? When Maharishi Valmiki recited Ramayana to Luv, Kush and his other disciples for spreading it far and wide he did something that was the normal practice of that time.

He had no idea that at one point of time in future, man will become so obsessed with written documentation that his composition would be considered a mere imaginative fable with mythical characters simply because he could not inscribe the 24, verses long epic on a rock. Who knows, he might have left a few hand written manuscript somewhere in his ashram but barring rock, which other forerunner of modern paper like tree leaves, tree barks, primitive paper, cloth etc could have preserved his writings for years is yet to be understood.

The comparison above has been made just to bring to focus the myopic attitude of our historians in accepting only archaeological evidence as the proof of existence of someone in history. The archaeologists accept only the remains of some building, structure, edifice, artifact, jewelry, weapon, idol, statue or anything similar made by man as the evidence.

Accordingly, it is not surprising that moving backwards in history such evidences dry up completely as we enter a period earlier than BC.

Historians call this as the pre-historic period - a period for which no? For them, the non-existence of such evidences indicates that earlier than this period no society existed!

Is this the appropriate conclusion? Failure to find man made things of period prior to about BC should logically raise two points. First, have we done enough to excavate such things and are we satisfied with our efforts in searching such objects.

Second and more importantly what is the possibility of finding such evidence after such a long time span. We all know that that every man-made thing has a definite life. If we are looking for man made objects of earlier than BC, we expect such objects to have survived for more than years. How many man made things can normally survive years or beyond? Look at the world around us today. None of the man made objects that we see - may it be a building, a bridge, a vehicle, an idol or an ornament?

In case of Lord Rama this span is more than years. What do the archaeologists expect to dig out from that era?

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Are we not trying to catch a mirage? For argument sake the existence of Egyptian Pyramids, some of which are dated as early as around BC, may be cited.

However, is it not true that these pyramids are? If these pyramids are the testimony of a civilization then there must have existed, along with these structures, thousands of other ordinary buildings of the same period but those buildings are not found today. Neither the remains of their inhabitants nor the objects they used in their day to day life are traceable. Out of the entire thriving society, just the pyramids have survived. And because these pyramids have remained standing till today, so has the history of Egypt otherwise it would also have died like that of so many other civilizations, cultures, kings and millions of ordinary persons who lived and died in ordinary course but did not build any?

The approach of archaeologists and historians to the question of? H D Sankalia, one of the most eminent archaeologist and considered father of post? Frankly, to such queries no answer can be given, unless we have proved the antiquity of these places and found some objects or writings of the times of Rama and Krishna.? After reading the above statement in a recent newspaper article, I could easily conclude that destiny of Lord Rama as a myth is more or less sealed for ever. The reason being that the necessary proof for Rama?

So far as writing of his times is concerned, Valmiki? As regards other? Perhaps, Lord Rama?

thank for the

That ring remains the only hope. Until we are able to dig out that particular? In the eyes of archaeologists, the period earlier than BC is pre-historic period.

above told

And pre-historic period is defined as the one for which no archaeological evidence is available!! Do you see the self defeating approach here. They very well know that for period earlier than BC there are no archaeological evidences available and yet when we say that Mahabharata occurred around BC they want us to prove it with the help of archaeological evidence!!

In my book I have raised a small point that if archaeology could not establish whether a temple existed at the disputed site of Ayodhya or a Mosque, just years ago, what light it can throw on the times of Lord Rama which I claim to be years ago.

I had written an article recently on the same subject. I am copying it below as the next post here. May be it will give you an insight on the limitatons of archaeology in this field.

That definitely looks totally against normal beliefs. I have done all that, as you asked me. But what is unusual in it? On 11th January at Since the Moon must move eastward enough to go completely around the sky in Thus, with respect to the stars in the background, the Moon will be This means that from night to night, the Moon moves a little more than one hand-width to the East the direction of its motion around the Earth relative to the stars, and from hour to hour, it moves about one diameter to the East, among the stars.?

I found a great parallel between the Ramayana war and the world war 2. Ravana overly relied on his intellect and grossly underestimated Rama and paid the price for it even though he himself was a great king.

duly answer Willingly

Similarly Germany which was quite advanced in technology especially war tanks underestimated the Russians and paid a heavy price. With its new advanced war tank Germany captured almost all of Europe and decided to attack Moscow which turned out to be the biggest blunder.

The over engineered war tanks of Germany started to fail in the cold conditions of Russia and the simple Russian war tanks exceedingly did well. Also Russians employed women in good numbers in that battle and fought valiantly. The simple design of Russia was to use a slanting wall for armoury of the tank against a vertical one - a design still in use in tanks.

Wars are not won using intellect alone. Wars are won by brave hearts. This is what Ramanyana showed and so did the world war. Then you calculate based on that THEORY which has no basis, and then you give some vague date to it and then finally conclude that Mahabharata is not very ancient! From where did you get this date of BCE? Are you talking about Mahavira Jain or Mahabhrata? As for archaeology, already the submerged city of Dwaraka mentioned in the Mahabharata has been discovered in the seas near Gujarat.

Even the pottery recovered from nearby here in the sea dates not later than BCE. Compared to the history we know which is years after christ, even the nearest date to present attributed to Mahabharata is more than years BEFORE christ. Hi Mr. Pushkar, Thanks for replying to me and thanks for the nice compliments you gave me. It is indeed a great feeling to be complimented by someone of your intellectual status. It is highly commendable that in spite of your busy schedule, you find time to respond to all posts directed to you.

I also apologize for my? I was just skeptical about the way you got offended when Vijay raised some doubts on your theory. Only later did I realize from your posts that it was out of frustration due to years of answering people who attack your ideas. However I am sure you? Since I was not an expert in astronomy, I didn? Even if you had mailed me regarding the discussion I tried to initiate ;all I could have given you were references from the books of M.

Yardi and other publications of BORI. I was looking into our ancient scriptures while researching out of personal interest only on another topic and was taking at face value all what was mentioned there. Then I started to realize the serious possibility of interpolations to the texts at much later periods than their original authorship. So I ended up reading the aforementioned books and was almost shocked at their conclusions based on ancient manuscripts and statistical study of the composition styles!

Strangely, very few people in this forum including Gurudev consider interpolations in our ancient texts to be a real possibility, even though it is clear that there was no writing, set aside printing, for thousands of years and the texts were propagated solely through word of mouth.

I was accused of confusing others when I said this. I am sure, as a true researcher, you will look into such ideas and would consider them in your next book. Good to see that you give proper respect to another extraordinary personality like Dr.

I am desperately waiting for the release of the English translations of his much acclaimed Marathi books? Swayambhu and Vastava Ramayana. Respected Sirs Being an Arts student and in administrative service does not give me any authority on speaking on the above subjects. But if we go by the theory that the Yugas are of only couple of hundred of years.

So it is not very ancient!!!! Now we have conversed with Astronomers and Astrologers, time has come to consult Archaeologists. Are there any relics which are of the Mahabharata era?

If there are what is there age. We all believe that Ram Setu was built by Shri Ram. Can we not find out when it was constructed!!!! Thanks for those nice words. Unfortunately I cannot increase the number of comments visible in the sidebar beyond 15!

Nor do I ever get demotivated by anybody for I am always self motivated. The only motivation for me is myself. Gurudev, Gururaj is absolutely right. In fact one of my post was removed, but I never complained, and I said that I apologize for such stuff as I immediately realized that I had gone a bit far.

If others dont apologize for what they have done, and in fact feel they are absolutely right, then its wise to let go of such persons, since negative attitudes always pull down our society. Its worth having a forum with 5 decent persons dicsussing rather than such people. Dont worry about your blog, it is already a superhit, and 99 out of people love to visit your blog anyday. You very well know its impossible to please everyone. Thanks for finally changing your tone of answering to me into a very decent and elderly manner.

I liked it, infact if you had replied to me like this in the very first post, I would have had great respect for you. Anyway looking at your latest posts and noticing that you have started respecting novices like us, I would reciprocate this respect to you. I have no hatred towards you or your work. I perfectly understood about the shapes of different constellations, which you explained patiently, which even I observed that pisces was longest.

And I can guarantee you that I am not at all in a hurry, ortherwise if you notice I am the one who is most interested in your work, apart from our good friend who left the blog and who infact did nothing but blast me. I am a science student, and looking at my age I think I am ready to learn anything new in life, but as I have repeated again and again I am the last person to take personal comments.

By the way, thanks for your patience in answering me all along and I also sincerely appreciate your recent posts.

The other points where I have a difference of opinion is about the yuga system, wherein 95 out of people who are well-versed in vedas and all that literature confidently say that yuga system is indeed lakhs of years. They sound very logical. Thirdly, the various stories of Ravana pull things towards the lakhs years theory.

Stories of Ravana fighting with Karthyaveerarjuna, and getting imprisoned, and Parashurama releasing Ravana from the prison. Story of Bali imprisoning Ravana and Story of atmalinga, and other similar stories around Ravana. All these stories are definitely not my creation. Finally Ravana is also said to have similar planetary positions with only difference being moon placement and ascendant in Libra I would be grateful if anyone points out to the exact verse saying about this. Then this reinforces the above stories, as astronomically for the planets to come to same positions it requires thousands of years.

Which also reinforces the claim that in satya and treta yugas people had longevity of many times more than the people of kaliyuga. And finally the decisive point of repetition of planetary positions. If say, these same planetary positions repeat thousands of years before, then each such possibility becomes a potential DOB of Lord Rama. One can put forth arguments of sea levels for supporting the dates of BC, but still its not possible to completely remove the other possible dates.

These were the 5 main points I could think of, against the date of BC date, which cannot be pushed aside. Thank you very much. We all will be eagerly waiting to read the next edition. Wish the book with all the scientific evidences in it becomes a part of the history text books of our schools and colleges. Just read your suggestion about explaining why there is no possiblity of any other date being the Date of Rama.

For your information, because of my continuous quest in this direction, I now know the exact time period in which the five planets come very close to the positions mentioned by Valmiki. I will place in my book the sky charts for all these dates also for verification by the readers. Trade Secret till published!! That is why with so much of conviction, I keep telling you people, that these positions willl never repeat.

When you initiated the discussion with reference to the Ramayana from Bhandarkar Institute, Pune I thought that here is a person who knows the subject. Later I wanted to send you a personal e mail to learn more about your own analysis of these books by Mr. But lateron, the way you had been making some stray comments here and there, I thought there is no point in opening any discussion with you.

happens. Let's

From the quality of your posts I can see that you are a very knowledgeable person with sharp intellect and scientific bent of mind. Of course it is possible that you may not have the specialised knowledge about a subject, like astronomy as you have mentioned in your message to me today, and I fully agree with you because if you had even little understanding of astronomy - the motion of moon in the ecliptic circle- you would have at least pointed out to Dear Vijay, the mistake he had committed before I did so.

You have drawn my attention to the two articles of Dr. Vartak on dating of Ramayana and Mahabharata and wanted me to respond. To be honest and candid, I must admit that these articles are at the very foundation of my entire work of dating the era of Lord Ram.

Inwhen for the first time I got free access to the net and started to search for the material on Ramayana and software on astronmy, I came across these articles. From these articles I got the necessary que.

I had read Valimiki Ramayana several times earlier but after reading these articles, my way of reading changed. Simultaneously, during one of my visits to US, I picked up the software because it was not available in India.

Even today also, the registered versions of these software are not available in India. And finally after putting in honest efforts for next years I came to these conclusions which are being discussed here. Of course, you would like to know what are my views about the dates Mr. Vartak have found. The first thing that I did, after buying the software was to see what were the position of planets in the sky on the dates worked out by Dr. And with all my humility, I have to say that they were not correct.

On the dates worked out by Dr. Vartak, the planets were actually in entirely different places. So there was no point in discussing anything further. But, I have highest regards for Mr. Vartak, who is now in his nineties, perhaps. He did work out these dates on the basis of tedious manual calculations. Therefore there were bound to be differenes in his compuataion and actual position of planets in the sky, particularly because it was for a period almost - years ago.

Dating of Rama - 12:30 pm, 10 Jan, 5114 BCE

In fact, while exchanging our first few messages on this forum this precisely was the discussion. Vijay was saying these these calculations are very tedious and thus bound to have inaccuracies and I had said that.

This was true when such computations were attempted manually. Now there are sophisticated software available to show when and where planets were located in the sky at any time in future or in the past. I have not done any calculations. No formulae applied. While writing this I had Dr. So coming back to his dates and work, though the dates he has worked out do not stand the scrutiny by a software so far as the poistion of planets in the sky is concerned, yet no one can take away the credit from him for showing the path of astronomical dating to all of us.

I request dear Vijay to produce the skycharts for the dates worked out by Dr. Vartak and verify my comments that on these dates, none of the planets are seen in the positions mentioned by Valmiki. If he verifies this for the benefit of all, it will be a favour to me because that would be an independent opinion. I hope you dont mind my asking; but why are you apologizing to people who decide to leave this forum? People come here on thier own.

Its really great to hear that you will be coming out with the next edition of your great research work. We will be eagerly waiting for your revised edition to be published. Also, I have very small suggestion to make if you consider it to be worth taking into account. Please can you also if possible include a section in it, which explains about why any other logically possible dates indicated by other people, is not possible. Just a humble suggestion from my side.

First of all let me clarify that on that same day of blocking ONE comment of yours, I also blocked 5 other comments by others who had used completely unparliamentary language against you. First I had blocked theirs and then came your comment and I blocked that too, and then wrote a comment requesting all not to get into personal accusations, at least not to use any unparliamentary language. Debates might get heated up, but still should not cross the boundary of descent language. If I had blocked only theirs and allowed yours, then they would have accused me of what you are accusing me now.

As for any comments that came afterwards, none of them have any abusive language in it. I dont consider criticism to be the same as abusive language. Please dont accuse me of being biased just because I did not publish only ONE of your comment which contained unparliamentary words. Please dont ignore the fact that I have not blocked any other numerous comments of yours nor of others just because they are critical of my views.

Anybody can have a simple glance in the blog and can assess it for themselves. I am not here as a moderator, I am also a participant and that makes things difficult for me, because it is quite natural for some people to think that I am blocking their comments, just because their views dont fit into my equations. I am the last person to do so, you can check your own comments that differed with mine on numerous occasions.

It really hurts when people accuse for something which you have not done. I request you to consider all this, before leaving the forum. The decision ofcourse finally is yours and we respect that. And if you have decided to leave, well I apologize for not being able to meet your expectations, we will definitely miss your valuable comments, and I mean it. Good luck. I am sorry to learn about your decision to leave this forum. You definitely presented one colour of the spectrum.

If it is a final decision, good, we will miss you. If you can keep commenting, please continue to do so, it will help all. I shall send you a mail from my personal account.

The dating of the Mahabharat and the Ramayan is a puzzle that refuses to yield a simple answer. Conferences after conferences have been held in India and abroad for historians to arrive at a consensus, which has remained elusive so far. The answer to "How old is Mahabharata" is in the link answer to Did Sri Krishna really exist or it's just some character created by Indians? Now coming on the dating of Ramayana. Following are the dates of few events from the Ramayana with approxi. Dating the Ramayana. So how is astronomical dating done? Historian Dr P.V. Vartak says: "Sage Valmiki has recorded the dates of events in detail, albeit by describing the positions of stars and planets. To decipher the astronomical encodings has not been a trivial task, and not many have attempted to do so.

You may otherwise also note that I am having two mail accounts. Thanks for your post today wherein you have said that you are happy to find my presence here. I find that you are definitely having sincere interest in this subject and an inquisitive mind. I shall try to post some relevant material which you may find worth a reading.

something also

The reason, Why I wanted to leave this forum was that I have shortage of time on two pressing counts:. Secondly, and more imporatantly, Astro Physics deptt. Given the quality of their comments, I want to incorporate those comments and my answers to them as a separate chapter in the next edition of my book.

For that I need time.

opinion you

Therefore, in any case I would like to take off sometime in near future, for atleast about 15 days or a month to complete these pressing works. In you message today you wanted me to point out where you had given compliments to yourself. But the question is that if the other side keeps its minds open as I did. Now, after coming to know that Moon moves at the speed of For moving 3. And that is why your conclusion, that it was not Cancer ascendent and Punarvasu Nakshtra simultaneously, was tottaly wrong.

Anyway, part of discussion. In the interest of healthy discussion, one can ignore all this personal comments made in the past. Forgive me for my saying so, but you appear to be? Man in hurry?. In this hurry to show that you are right and other person is wrong, you jump to conclusions, which are often incorrect. Please treat me like any other elder of your family and read my message carefully. If I have to point out where you have gone wrong or what is factually incorrect in your articles, I have to use certain words which are advisory in nature.

I have to tell you where your knowledge needs to improve or what is lacking in your approach or attitude. I can assure you one thing, if I am saying that? In the last post, I purposefully did not tell you where you went wrong in your calculation. I only exposed that your working of speed of moon in the sky was factually incorrect. This morning, I was expecting that you will say that either software is incorrect or speed of moon keeps changing.

And you have done exactly the same. You do not think that you can yourself be wrong!! Let me tell you that both your conclusions, i either moon moves at different speeds in sky OR ii the software you have used is inaccurate, are absolutely wrong. Now I will explain where you went wrong in your computation of speed of moon in sky and why it is not tallying with the universally known scientific value.

Let me cut and paste the relevant part of your message of 19th December as under:. Also we know that each zodiac sign is divided into 30 degrees. Hence let us calculate How long does it take for moon to travel 1 degree in cancer.

The first line of the above quote i. Also we know that each zodiac sign is divided into 30 degrees? In astrology as well as astronomy there are 12 zodiacs, which cover degrees of ecliptic circle but that does not automatically mean that each of them are exactly 30 degrees in span. When you look at sky, you will find that although these 12 zodiacs cover degrees but some of these zodiacs are very small while others are very long and none of them are actually?

After all what are Zodiac constellations? When a group of stars appeared to resemble a sitting lion, that group in totality was termed as LEO. The point to understand is that when these are? Ideally, please note, it is important, ideally it was preferable that our astronomers had chosen 12 constellations, which were exactly 30 degrees in span, but the random manner in which stars are spread in the sky, it was not possible for them to identify 12 zodiacs of exactly equal size in the sky. You presumed Cancer constellation to be equal to 30 degree in span in the sky.

That is wrong. The spread of Cancer zodiac in the sky is only about 18 degrees. You presumed it to be 30 degrees. Therefore your? The speed that you worked out is almost double the actual speed of moon because you have incidentally chosen Cancer constellation.

If you had done the same exercise by choosing PISCES constellation the speed worked out by you would have been slower than the actual speed of In that case you would have assumed it to be 30 degrees.

Note this carefully that you have used the software to see how much time moon has taken to cross Cancer, but same software you did not consider to find out what exactly is the span of cancer in the sky. There you assumed it to be 30 degree because of your understanding of astrology. There lies the fault and that is why your computation has gone haywire. Another point, when you were writing that message of 19th December, did it never strike you that you are calculating?

Speed of moon in the sky? If you do it for the first time in the world it should have been perhaps the? If this scientific fact was not known till you worked it out, you think it was possible to send missions to moon, mars and what not?

That is why in the beginning of this message I mentioned that you are a? Please have patience, you may have a great hate for me and my work but as a science student, doing Ph.

Net is the most easily accessible source of information. I am referring to certain websites where the following information is available: 1. The moon moves rapidly with respect to the background stars. It moves about 13 degrees 26 times its apparent diameter in 24 hours-slightly greater than its own diameter in one hour! Its rapid motion has given it a unique role in the history of astronomy.

Based on the astronomical dating of the events described in the original ancient Valmiki Ramayana and using modern software to date the planetary positions, Pushkar Bhatnagar of the Indian Revenue Service has accurately dated the events in Ramayana. As per this . Jun 17,   The dating of the Ramayana and Mahabharata is a project that attracts intense debate as passionate pursuers apply new techniques to look for answers Sunaina Kumar | 17 Jun, "Would you like to see how the sky looked at the beginning of the war?" . The problem of dating the Ramayana and Mahabharata is a difficult one, as the texts are syncretic and accretive. The dates recreated by astronomy software cannot be taken as definitive since we do.

For thousands of years it has been used as the basis of calendars. Misra belongs to Kampilya, which, located in Farrukhabad district of Uttar Pradesh, is considered the birthplace of Draupadi and the capital of the kingdom of Panchala. Some years ago, while recovering from an illness, she started watching reruns of Mahabharata on television and realised the importance of Kampilya. She was witty and intelligent, fiercely independent and progressive.

Her tiny office is filled with ancient maps of Panchala, some frayed with age. I have a connection with the land. Misra has the air of someone who knows how to get things done. She campaigned extensively for excavation at Kampilya, which took place between and Misra talks about the tragedy of Kampilya. The mound where Drupad Kila Fort of King Drupad is assumed to be located has been taken over by squatters. Intent on reclaiming the historic site and developing it for cultural tourism, she is currently in talks with the government of Uttar Pradesh.

Archaeology is the only discipline that historians of all hues accept as a validator of information. BB Lal, a pioneer in this field, has written books on archaeological evidence for both the epics. The last great breakthrough was the discovery of the submerged city of Dwarka.

But even archaeology has not provided enough leads. The first excavation at this site was conducted by BB Lal in ; he found traces of PGW, which he then corroborated with the Mahabharata. The aim of this round of excavation was to discover stratified deposits of PGW to establish links that would otherwise be tenuous. The team found PGW potsherds in the upper layers, till the rain interrupted the excavation.

This year, they were to dig for stratified deposits, but the project is stalled and the lead excavator Vasant Swarnkar, superintending archaeologist with the ASI, has been transferred. TKV Rajan, an archaeologist in Bengaluru who has been pushing for re-excavation at Dwarka in the current state of Gujarat by using new underwater technology, believes that the ASI does not want to relate the excavation at Indraprastha with the Mahabharata as the topic is a little too politically charged and sensitive.

No one has been able to do this.

The Epic Riddle Of Dating Ramayana, Mahabharata

The problem is exceedingly thorny and may never have a final solution. One thing will remain constant, however, as it has over thousands of years: perspectives on the two great epics will keep multiplying. Book of Forgetting Sanjay Sipahimalani. Siddharth Singh The damage to public utilities and infrastructure has been on the rise.

Siddharth Singh Narendra Modi has declared war on black money. And how. About The Auth o r.

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