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A brief look at everything from the Aesthetic movement to Neoclassicism and Swedish modern to Minimal and the Vienna secession. If antique periods are used to reference an item it should actually have been made during the period indicated. NOTE: period terminology can be used in reference to items dated to a specific time. The group rejected the formalist values of the neomodern design movement in Italy and sought to renew the cultural and political role of design, believing that the original aims of Modernism had become no more than a marketing tool. Sottsass spearheaded the activities which were carried out in individual groups; these were to consolidate as the Memphis group in the s.

Gothic A style of architecture and decorative arts, which developed in France in the midth century to become the dominant style of Western Europe until the 16th century.

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The architecture is characterized by the use of pointed arches, rib vaults and flying buttresses in combination, while the decorative arts are distinctive for their lightness, elaborate forms and intricate surface decoration. It was a style that linked itself with the principles of Christianity and retained a strong spiritual content in its many revivals. A style of architecture and design that emerged in the s, inspired by and embracing modern technology.

Industrial style A term used broadly to refer to the development in the Modern Movement when designers began using new materials, such as glass, bricks, metals and plastics in favour of traditional materials.

In the s and s the style was interchangeable with that referred to as High-Tech. Jugendstil The name of the German and Scandinavian Art Nouveau movementwhich was characterized by its use of rectilinear forms.

The name came from the Jugend magazine. Kitsch A term used to describe garish, pretentious or sentimental art and design. In the 20th century it has been seen to be the opposite of good design. Since the s some designers, such as Ettore Sottsass and the Memphis group, in rejecting the Modern Movement, have deliberately incorporated kitsch elements into their work.

The use of kitsch became widespread in the popular design styles of s and s. A descriptive term for designs of the Modern Movement that are characterized by a rejection of ornamentation in favour of simple elemental forms and structures. Modern Movement A general term originally used by the architectural historian Nikolaus evsner in his influential book Pioneers of the Modem the 20th century. It was originally underpinned by a desire for a design ethos that reflected ideals of democracy and social reform, and a belief that the world of art and the manufacturing industry could be reconciled in order to provide all levels of society with well designed, mass produced goods.

Early groups that were instrumental in the development of the Modern Movement include the Deutscher Werkbund in Germany before World War 1, and the De Stijl group in the Netherlands after These principles were put into practice most notably, and with the most lasting influence, at the Bauhaus in Germany in the s and early s. It is more or less interchangeable w1ith the term Modernism. Neoclassicism A style of decorative arts and architecture that originated in the second half of the 18th century.

With its rejection of the earlier Rococo, it marked a revival of interest in the art and design of Classical antiquity and the qualities of restraint, harmony, proportion and reason.

It is distinctive for its simple geometric forms, subdued colours and restrained decoration. The term is sometimes used broadly to describe designs that are created in, or that follow, this style. Neofunctionalism A design style of the post World War 2 period the ethos of which emphasised geometrical simplicity and the removal of unnecessary detail.

As expressed through the work of Hans Gugelot it was to lead on to a new visual minimalism in design. Its proponents claimed it to be styleless or beyond style. Through designing furnishings, lighting and interior design, exponents of the style such as Carlo Mollino sought to apply Art Nouveau to mass produced objects and at the same time reintroduce a craft tradition to undercut the machine aesthetic of the Modern Movement.

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Neomodernism An Italian design movement that emerged in the s. Inspired by s Rationalism, it is characterized by minimal forms, but, unlike its predecessor, it was also characterized by a new alliance with the world of contemporary fine art, organic sculpture in particular.

Novecento movement A movement founded in Italy in the late s which is characterized by a simplified neoclassical style of design.

Although it was influenced by the decorative arts of France and Austria, it produced designs that were more overtly nationalistic than those of its contemporary architectural movement Rationalism. The movement superseded Rationalism as the architectural style favoured by the Italian Fascists. A style of abstract art of the s. Through a variety of patterns it exploits optical effects to create illusions of movement and vibration. Leading exponents of the style were Bridget Riley and Victor Vasarely.

The style found its way into s interior, fashion and graphic design. Pop An art and design movement that developed during the s responding to the general level of economic and technological optimism and finding inspiration in mass consumerism and popular culture.

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Rejecting Modernism, it sought to express the democratic spirit of the age, replacing Modernist values with its own aspirations of fun, change, variety, irreverence, and disposability. Pre-Raphaelites A group of English artists and writers founded inwho were united by their dislike of the academic and neoclassical art of the early 19th century. They sought to return to the values of Gothic and Early Renaissance painting. They often painted biblical and literary subjects, and their style was characterized by strong colours and minute attention to detail.

Although the original group began to disband in the s, the name continued to be applied to the later pictures of Rossetti and the work of Edward Burne Jones and William Morriswho used scenes from medieval romances in his furniture designs.

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As a result the name became associated with a kind of romantic escapism. Purism An artistic movement of the early 20th century, founded by Le Corbusier and the painter Amedee Ozenfant. Arising out of a rejection of Cubism, it drew inspiration from the mathematical precision of machinery. It emphasized the purity of geometric form and marked a return to the representation of recognizable objects.

Because the architectural style of the Empire period used big, open rooms, the sofa was now allowed to be in the center of the room, with a table behind it.

Former architectural periods found most furniture placed against the outside perimeter of the walls and brought forward to be used. Victorian, The Victorian period as it relates to furniture styles can be divided into several distinct styles. Her love of ornate styles is well known.

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When thinking of the general term, think of a cluttered environment, full of heavy furniture, and surrounded by plants, heavy fabrics and lots of china and glassware. French Restoration, This is the first sub-category of the Victoria era. This style is best simplified as the plainest of the Victorian styles. Lines tend to be sweeping, undulating curves. It is named for the style that was popular in France as the Bourbons tried to restore their claim to the French throne, from to The Empire Classical period influence is felt, but French Restoration lacks some of the ornamentation and fussiness of that period.

Design motifs continue to reflect an interest in the classics of Greece and Egypt. Chair backs are styled with curved and concave crest rails, making them a little more comfortable than earlier straight-back chairs. The use of bolster pillows and more upholstery is starting to emerge. The style was only popular in clusters, but did entice makers from larger metropolitan areas, such as Boston and New Orleans, to embrace the style. The Gothic Revival, This is relatively easy to identify for collectors.

It is one of the few styles that celebrates elements found in the corresponding architectural themes: turrets, pointed arches and quatrefoils-designs found in 12th through 16th centuries that were adapted to this mid-century furniture style. Furniture that had mechanical parts was also embraced by the Victorians of this era.

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The woods preferred by makers of this period were walnut and oak, with some use of mahogany and rosewood. The scale used ranged from large and grand to small and petite. Carved details gave dimension and interest.

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Carved decoration in the form of scallop shells, leaves and flowers, particularly roses, and acanthus further add to the ornamentation of this style of furniture. Legs and feet of this form are cabriole or scrolling.

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Other than what might be needed structurally, it is often difficult to find a straight element in Rococo Revival furniture. The use of marble for tabletops was quite popular, but expect to find the corners shaped to conform to the overall scrolling form. To accomplish all this carving, walnut, rosewood, and mahogany were common choices. When lesser woods were used, they were often painted to reflect these more expensive woods. Some cast-iron elements can be found on furniture from this period, especially if it was cast as scrolls.

The style began in France and England, but eventually migrated to America where it evolved into two other furniture styles, Naturalistic and Renaissance Revival.

Antique Periods A glossary covering all the main antique periods, movements and styles. A brief look at everything from the Aesthetic movement to Neoclassicism and Swedish modern to Minimal and the Vienna secession. If antique periods are used to reference an item it should actually have been made during the period indicated. Having intelligence in Antique Dating Periods all Antique Dating Periods kind, VIP escorts Pune makes you mesmerized by their standard beauty and mannerisms, these beauty's are like the ones that you seen in any of the tv shows or in modelling, we Pune escorts introduces Antique Dating Periods this gorgeous beauties and now you have the / What to Look for When Buying Old Furniture. Learn how to evaluate the age and quality of your attic treasure or flea-market find. there are some more recent pieces by prominent makers-for example, from the Art Deco and Arts and Crafts periods (shown in the photo below) - that command high prices and shouldn't be touched Author: Karin Beuerlein.

Elizabethan, This sub-category of the Victorian era is probably the most feminine-influenced style. It also makes use of the new machine-turned spools and spiral profiles that were fast becoming popular with furniture makers.

New technology advancements allowed more machined parts to be generated. By adding flowers, either carved or painted, the furniture pieces of this era had a softness to them.

Chair backs tend to be high and narrow, having a slight back tilt. Legs vary from straight to baluster-turned forms to spindle turned.

This period of furniture design saw more usage of needlework upholstery and decoratively painted surfaces.

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However, this furniture style is not austere; it is adorned with ovals, arches, applied medallions, wreaths, garlands, urns and other Victorian flourishes. As the period aged, more ornamentation became present on the finished furniture styles.

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Furniture of this time was made from more expensive woods, such as ebony or rosewood. Walnut was popular around the s. Other dark woods were featured, often to contrast the lighter ornaments. Expect to find straight legs or fluted and slightly tapered legs. Naturalistic, This furniture period takes the scrolling effects of the Rococo Revival designs and adds more flowers and fruits to the styles. More detail is spent on the leaves-so much that one can tell if they are to represent grape, rose or oak leaves.

Technology advances enhanced this design style, as manufacturers developed a way of laminating woods together. This layered effect was achieved by gluing thin layers together, with the grains running at right angles on each new layer.

The thick panels created were then steamed in molds to create the illusion of carving.

Historical Periods. Art and antiques are often categorised by age and period. Here is a list of the English, French, American, Chinese and Japanese main historical periods. Antiques Atlas, Browse Antiques by Date and Period, buy from British antique dealers. As the dovetail joint evolved through the last one hundred thirty years, it becomes a clue for the age and authenticity of antique furniture. The type of dovetailed joint, especially in drawers, reveals much about furniture construction and dating.

The woods used as a basis for the heavy ornamentation were mahogany, walnut and some rosewood. Upholstery of this period is often tufted, eliminating any large flat surface. The name of John Henry Belter is often connected with this period, for it was when he did some of his best design work.

English Antique Furniture Periods

John and Joseph W. Meeks also enjoyed success with laminated furniture. Original labels bearing these names are sometimes found on furniture pieces from this period, giving further provenance.

Renaissance Revival, Furniture made in this style period reflects how cabinetmakers interpreted 16th- and 17th-century designs. Their motifs range from curvilinear and florid early in the period to angular and almost severe by the end of the period. Dark woods, such as mahogany and walnut, were primary with some use of rosewood and ebony.

Walnut veneer panels were a real favorite in the s designs. Upholstery, usually of a more generous nature, was also often incorporated into this design style. Ornamentation and high relief carving included flowers, fruits, game, classical busts, acanthus scrolls, strapwork, tassels and masks.

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Architectural motifs, such as pilasters, columns, pediments, balusters and brackets, are another prominent design feature. Legs are usually cabriole or have substantial turned profiles.

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It is characterized by elements reminiscent of Greek architecture, such as pilasters, flutes, column, acanthus, foliate scrolls, Greek key motifs and anthemion high-relief carving.

This style originated with the French, but was embraced by American furniture manufacturers. Woods are dark and often ebonized. Hand cut dovetails were used to hold the sides of drawers together, but also to join the structural members of case furniture. Hand made screws and nails were relatively expensive and could rust and expand, sometimes cracking the wood they secured.

Glues of the period sometimes weakened. Dovetails have great strength, holding pieces of wood in perfect alignment over long periods of time. This lavishly hand-carved cabinet from about shows structural dovetail joints on the back side. Simpler country furniture often had larger dovetails, or even a single tail and pin.

This country pine cupboard from the 's has big country dovetails:. These were cut with a jig or pattern, and an apprentice could create a very well fitting and attractive joint.

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Popular here into the 's, these joints never gained acceptance outside of the U. European cabinetmakers continued their hand-cut dovetails well into the 's. Here is an example of an Eastlake chest of drawers with characteristic "spoon" carving and "pin and cove" dovetails from the 's:.

American woodworking styles have been through a number of periods, and each was heavily influenced by the available materials of the region as well as the pieces being built by English and French craftsmen. There are 12 predominant periods of American furniture styles, although many have sub-genres which may have been popular but short-lived. Nov 20, Former architectural periods found most furniture placed against the outside perimeter of the walls and brought forward to be used. Victorian, The Victorian period as it relates to furniture styles can be divided into several distinct styles. However, not every piece of furniture can be dated or definitely identified, so the generic. English antiques: antique furniture, antique lighting, Reindeer Antiques - English Antique Furniture Dealer in London Member of BADA & LAPADA Menu Browse English Furniture.

The next technological development in joinery was again American. In the 's, American furniture began to be mass produced, with interchangeable parts and speedy production for the growing and affluent middle class.

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